Before placing on the market, a cosmetic or chemical product must undergo a rigorous and detailed safety assessment procedure.
According to the Regulation No 1223/2009/EC, ‘cosmetic product’ means any substance or mixture intended to be placed in contact with the external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips and external genital organs) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them, perfuming them, changing their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting body odours.
Art. 2(1)(a) of the Regulation No 1223/2009/EC
A basic element of documentation is the Cosmetic Product Safety Report, which is a result of performed safety assessment. The Cosmetic Product Safety Report contains all information regarding product chemical composition, toxicological profile of components, physical and chemical properties, microbiological purity, the production process, the level of contact with the human body, intended use and use safety. Assessment of cosmetic impact on human health is a very complicated process requiring cooperation between representatives of various fields (chemists, biologists, toxicologists).